Aylesbury has a rich and varied history, dating back to the Anglo-Saxon period. Here are a 7 key historical events and facts about Aylesbury:

The Vale of Aylesbury
  1. Anglo-Saxon settlement: Aylesbury was originally an Anglo-Saxon settlement, and it was mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 571 AD. The name “Aylesbury” comes from the Old English words for “Ægel’s burh,” which means “Ægel’s fortress.”
  1. Norman Conquest: After the Norman Conquest in 1066, Aylesbury became a royal manor and was granted to William the Conqueror’s half-brother, Odo, Bishop of Bayeux.
  1. Market town: Aylesbury has been a market town since the Middle Ages, and its market charter dates back to 1215. The town’s market was an important hub for trade and commerce in the region.
  1. English Civil War: During the English Civil War, Aylesbury was a Royalist stronghold. In 1642, the town was attacked by Parliamentary forces, and many of its buildings were damaged or destroyed.
  1. Buckinghamshire Railway: In 1839, the Buckinghamshire Railway opened, connecting Aylesbury to London and other nearby towns. The railway brought increased prosperity and growth to the town.
  1. County town of Buckinghamshire: In 1837, Aylesbury became the county town of Buckinghamshire, replacing Buckingham. Today, it is still the administrative center of the county.
  1. Modern history: In more recent history, Aylesbury has continued to grow and develop, with new housing estates, shopping centers, and other amenities. It is also known for its connection to the famous Roald Dahl, who lived and wrote many of his books in the nearby village of Great Missenden.

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